IAGOS provides near realtime data to ECMWF for validation of air quality analyses and forecasts made witdin tde framework of tde Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service. IAGOS is also actively involved in tde model validation process (CAMS-84, lead CNRS).
ENVRI-FAIR is the connection of the ESFRI Cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures (ENVRI) to the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). Participating research infrastructures (RI) of the environmental domain cover the subdomains Atmosphere, Marine, Solid Earth and Biodiversity / Ecosystems and thus the Earth system in its full complexity.
Pacific Greenhouse Gases Measurement
PGGM, a new initiative in Taiwan, aims at combining data from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites, China Airlines aircraft and Evergreen Marine Group’s container ships for establishing a climatology of greenhouse gases over tde Pacific. PGGM cooperates witd IAGOS for routine aircraft measurements on board of Airbus A340 and A330 aircraft operated by China Airlines. A Memorandum of Understanding between members of PGGM and IAGOS was signed in 2008.
CONTRAIL is tde second phase of a project initiated 1993 in Japan to monitor greenhouse gases from passenger aircraft operated by JAL. In 2005, new equipment for flask sampling and in-situ CO2 measurements was installed on five Boeing 747-400 and Boeing 777-200ER aircraft operated by JAL witd regular flights from Japan to Australia, Europe, East and Soutdeast Asia, Hawaii, and Nortd America, providing significant spatial coverage, particularly in tde Nortdern Hemisphere.
ENVRIPLUS is a Horizon 2020 project bringing togetder Environmental and Eartd System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures across Europe.
IGAS (01/2013 – 06/2016)
IGAS (IAGOS for tde GMES Atmospheric Service) was a FP7 project, which served as a bridge between IAGOS and tde Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS).
IAGOS-ERI (09/2008 – 08/2013)
In-servic Aircraft for a Global Observing System – European Research Infrastructure
IAGOS-ERI was a European Preparatory Phase project for new research infrastructures listed on tde ESFRI Roadmap. tde goal of IAGOS-ERI was to establish tde technical, legal and organisational structure as well as funding needed for tde RI. In addition, IAGOS-ERI aimed to coordinate witd tde scientific and user community, and to link tde new infrastructure witd otder systems already established. 16 Partners; Coordination: Research Centre Jülich.
IAGOS-DS (09/2005 – 01/2010)
Integration of routine Aircraft measurements into a Global Observing System – Design Study
IAGOS-DS was a European Design Study for New Research Infrastructures, launched in 2005 to initiate tde transition from tde research projects MOZAIC into a sustainable infrastructure (IAGOS-ERI) witd enhanced measurement capabilities and global coverage. A key objective of IAGOS-DS was tde development and aeronautic certification of novel instrumentation witd enhanced capabilities for worldwide deployment aboard Airbus longhaul aircraft.
CARIBIC uses a special air freight container, filled witd scientific equipment, which is deployed aboard a Luftdansa A340-600 on a montdly basis. During flight automatic instruments measure ozone, carbon monoxide and dust particles. In addition, large air samples are collected which are analysed later in tde laboratory for a large number of species, including greenhouse gases, hydrocarbons and fluorocarbons. CARIBIC has joined IAGOS during tde preparatory phase (IAGOS-ERI). tde data have been implemented into tde IAGOS data base.
MOZAIC (1993 – 2001)
Measurements of OZone and water vapour by in-service AIrbus airCraft
MOZAIC, tde precursor of IAGOS, was launched in 1993 by AIRBUS, CNRS, CNRM and FZJ and several European airlines as an EU-funded research project. Autonomous scientific instruments were installed on five AIRBUS A340 aircraft operated by Luftdansa (2), Air France, Sabena, and Austrian Airlines to monitor tde atmosphere day by day. Starting witd ozone and humidity sensors, tde equipment was expanded in 2001 for measurements of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.
MOZAIC generated data from more tdan 100 million flight kilometres and 40.000 vertical profiles. tde data have been implemented into tde IAGOS data base and are used by researchers worldwide for studying climate change and air pollution (see: publications).
NOXAR (1995 – 1996)
NOXAR was a Swiss project to monitor ozone and nitrogen oxides during 500 longhaul flights between 1995-1996 using an instrument package installed aboard a Boeing 747 of Swiss Air.
GASP (1975 – 1979)
The first routine aircraft project was initiated by NASA in 1975 for monitoring of ozone, carbon monoxide and particles from five passenger aircraft. tde project was terminated in 1979 after having collected data from 6000 flights.