Related Projects



Copernicus Athmosphere Monitoring Service

IAGOS provides near realtime data to ECMWF for validation of air quality analyses and forecasts made within the framework of the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service. IAGOS is also actively involved in the model validation process (CAMS-84, lead CNRS).



ENVRIPLUS is a Horizon 2020 project bringing together Environmental and Earth System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures across Europe.



Pacific Greenhouse Gases Measurement

PGGM, a new initiative in Taiwan, aims at combining data from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites, China Airlines aircraft and Evergreen Marine Group’s container ships for establishing a climatology of greenhouse gases over the Pacific. PGGM cooperates with IAGOS for routine aircraft measurements on board of Airbus A340 and A330 aircraft operated by China Airlines. A Memorandum of Understanding between members of PGGM and IAGOS was signed in 2008.



Comprehensive Observation Network for TRace gases by AIRLiner

CONTRAIL is the second phase of a project initiated 1993 in Japan to monitor greenhouse gases from passenger aircraft operated by JAL. In 2005, new equipment for flask sampling and in-situ CO2 measurements was installed on five Boeing 747-400 and Boeing 777-200ER aircraft operated by JAL with regular flights from Japan to Australia, Europe, East and Southeast Asia, Hawaii, and North America, providing significant spatial coverage, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere.

Past Projects

IGAS (01/2013 – 06/2016)

IGAS (IAGOS for the GMES Atmospheric Service)

IGAS (IAGOS for the GMES Atmospheric Service) was a FP7 project, which served as a bridge between IAGOS and the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS).


IAGOS-ERI (09/2008 – 08/2013)

In-servic Aircraft for a Global Observing System – European Research Infrastructure

IAGOS-ERI was a European Preparatory Phase project for new research infrastructures listed on the ESFRI Roadmap. The goal of IAGOS-ERI was to establish the technical, legal and organisational structure as well as funding needed for the RI. In addition, IAGOS-ERI aimed to coordinate with the scientific and user community, and to link the new infrastructure with other systems already established. 16 Partners; Coordination: Research Centre Jülich.

Final Report of IAGOS-ERI


IAGOS-DS (09/2005 – 01/2010)

Integration of routine Aircraft measurements into a Global Observing System – Design Study

IAGOS-DS was a European Design Study for New Research Infrastructures, launched in 2005 to initiate the transition from the research projects MOZAIC into a sustainable infrastructure (IAGOS-ERI) with enhanced measurement capabilities and global coverage. A key objective of IAGOS-DS was the development and aeronautic certification of novel instrumentation with enhanced capabilities for worldwide deployment aboard Airbus longhaul aircraft.

Final Report of IAGOS-DS



Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container

CARIBIC uses a special air freight container, filled with scientific equipment, which is deployed aboard a Lufthansa A340-600 on a monthly basis. During flight automatic instruments measure ozone, carbon monoxide and dust particles. In addition, large air samples are collected which are analysed later in the laboratory for a large number of species, including greenhouse gases, hydrocarbons and fluorocarbons. CARIBIC has joined IAGOS during the preparatory phase (IAGOS-ERI). The data have been implemented into the IAGOS data base.


MOZAIC (1993 – 2001)

Measurements of OZone and water vapour by in-service AIrbus airCraft

MOZAIC, the precursor of IAGOS, was launched in 1993 by AIRBUS, CNRS, CNRM and FZJ and several European airlines as an EU-funded research project. Autonomous scientific instruments were installed on five AIRBUS A340 aircraft operated by Lufthansa (2), Air France, Sabena, and Austrian Airlines to monitor the atmosphere day by day. Starting with ozone and humidity sensors, the equipment was expanded in 2001 for measurements of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.

MOZAIC generated data from more than 100 million flight kilometres and 40.000 vertical profiles. The data have been implemented into the IAGOS data base and are used by researchers worldwide for studying climate change and air pollution (see: publications).


NOXAR (1995 – 1996)

Measurements of Nitrogen OXides and ozone along Air Routes

NOXAR was a Swiss project to monitor ozone and nitrogen oxides during 500 longhaul flights between 1995-1996 using an instrument package installed aboard a Boeing 747 of Swiss Air.


GASP (1975 – 1979)

Global Atmospheric Sampling Program

The first routine aircraft project was initiated by NASA in 1975 for monitoring of ozone, carbon monoxide and particles from five passenger aircraft. The project was terminated in 1979 after having collected data from 6000 flights.